Digitally revamping maternal and prenatal childcare using block chain technology
Over the last few years, there has been a revolution in the healthcare industry driven by the world’s most powerful technology companies.
By collecting any possibly useful health data on the broadest scale and making it accessible for immediate and long-term use to patients, doctors and scientists, data-driven healthcare can revolutionise the medical industry.
IoT using block chain technology can be implemented in the following ways:
1) Medical Devices: Prenatal care belts can save tens of thousand of lives every year by continuously monitoring whether health parameters of an expecting mother and a baby are within the norm.
2) Wearables : IoT watches are being used to detect arrythmias, which often passes unnoticed in many medical scans.
3) Body Sensors: Sweat-sensing is another promising type of remote diagnostics, which can detect early changes in specific molecular biomarkers without the need for an invasive blood test.
Most maternal and prenatal care applications provide maternal health knowledge to both expectant mothers and health care providers. The app focuses on four major points: data collection, patient monitoring, health education or appointment reminders.
Why use Blockchain?
It has an immunable “ledger” that you can see, verify and control. Once data has been entered into this ledger, it cannot be changed.
Every transaction is monitored according to a strict set of rules.
Blockchain is built as a distributed technology, which is simultaneously operated by multiple computers. This means that blockchain has no single point of failure from which records or digital assets can be hacked or compromised.
Blockchain supports data exchange logic and agreement rules, however complex, with a flexible mechanism of smart contracts.
Blockchain technology is used for facilitating the collection, identification, and verification of digital health data to make women’s antenatal care a far safer and effective process. It also protects women’s data and allows them to have complete control over their health records.
The process would provide data from the first time a pregnant woman enters the hospital at 16 weeks all through the period of antenatal care, delivery and through postnatal care at the clinic. This also gives patients access to this entitlement through the blockchain and also to educate those that don’t know and understand the blockchain.
There are several causes of Maternal Mortality:
Pre-existing conditions; eg - HIV, severe bleeding, high blood pressure, blood clots, instructed labour, infections, abortions and more. In most parts of Sudan and Nigeria, over 1,28000 women are dying every year due to negligence in the critical pregnancy stage.
To solve this glaring issue, many healthcare apps are focusing on the following prospects:
Support capacity building of local health workers
By using digital tools to increase the knowledge and facilitate care of pregnant women from rural communities
Through a mobile device, one can issue regular health alerts signalling any abnormality or giving tips on how to have a healthy baby.
One of their mail aims is to provide nutritional advice, explanations of early signs and symptoms of pregnancy, and recommendations for safe baby items — catered to a user’s stage in pregnancy.